Introduction to Moscow

The Bolshoi Theatre
Arkhangelskoye Palace
The Pushkin Arts Museum

Moscow – the capital of Russia, was founded in 1147. It is situated on both banks of the Moscow River and is one of the largest cities in the world.

Moscow is an important tourist centre in the world: Moscow Kremlin, Red Square, Novodevichy Convent, the Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The city is served by 5 airports, 9 railway stations, and there is river connection to the sea basins of the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans.

Moscow is a major cultural and educational centre.

Contemporary Moscow has more than 100 theatres, 60 museums, 264 higher education institutions and more than 400 libraries.

The many attractions of the city include the Bolshoi Theatre, the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, and the Tretyakov Gallery, which are known all over the world.

The Kremlin is the oldest part of Moscow, the main socio-political, historical and artistic complex of the city, and the official residence of the President of Russia.

The area of the Kremlin is 27.5 hectares.

The Kremlin’s history goes back more than 900 years.

The Kremlin includes the Kremlin Armoury, which holds nearly 4,000 items of arts and crafts of Russia, Europe and the East dating from the 4th century A.D. to the beginning of the 20th century.

Visitors can see the Kremlin’s main Russian state temples: Assumption Cathedral (1479). Cathedral of the Archangel (1505).

They can acquaint themselves with examples of civil architecture from the 15th century to beginning of the 20th century.

The Bolshoi Theatre is the main National Theatre of Russia, carrier of Russian media traditions and is a centre of world music culture. It is the oldest theatre in the country and was founded in 1776.

>Masterpieces of Russian musical theatre of the 19th and 20th centuries occupy a commanding position in the repertoire.

The theatre offers its spectators European classics, especially commissioned works, and conducts chamber and symphonic concerts.

The Bolshoi Theatre puts on «Eugene Onegin» by Tchaikovsky, «The Golden Cockerel» by Rimsky-Korsakov, «Prince Igor» by A. Borodin, «The Queen of Spades» by P. Tchaikovsky and «Ruslan and Ludmila» by M. Glinka.

The Bolshoi ballet troupe is famous around the world.

The repertoire of the ballet includes «Giselle», «Onegin», «The Nutcracker», «La Bayadère» and «Don Quixote».

The theatre implements educational activities, performing rare works by inviting outstanding soloists and directors.

Directors Francesca Zambello, Robert Sturua and Graham Vick, and choreographers Roland Petit, John Neumeier and Wayne McGregor have worked at the theatre.

Arkhangelskoye Palace is a unique architectural monument. It is the former estate of Prince Nikolai Yusupov.

Currently, the palace is a museum with unique collections of paintings from the 17th-19th centuries, engraving, sculpture and decorative arts.

The estate has a beautiful park, thanks to which it is described as Moscow’s Versailles.

The Usadba Jazz festival is traditionally held in the park in the summer.

The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts treasures the largest art collection of art works from ancient times to the present day.

The museum displays art of ancient Egypt, ancient art and European painting from the 8th to 18th centuries.

26 rooms of the museum store a collection of works by masters of the 19th-20th centuries, devoted to various trends in European art or creativity of individual artists.